Stylesheets

The theme’s assets/css/main.css file is built from several SCSS partials located in _sass/ and is structured as follows:

minimal-mistakes
├── _sass
|  └── minimal-mistakes
|     ├── vendor               # vendor SCSS partials
|     |   ├── breakpoint       # media query mixins
|     |   ├── font-awesome     # Font Awesome icons
|     |   ├── magnific-popup   # Magnific Popup lightbox
|     |   └── susy             # Susy grid system
|     ├── _animations.scss     # animations
|     ├── _archive.scss        # archives (list, grid, feature views)
|     ├── _base.scss           # base HTML elements
|     ├── _buttons.scss        # buttons
|     ├── _footer.scss         # footer
|     ├── _masthead.scss       # masthead
|     ├── _mixins.scss         # mixins (em function, clearfix)
|     ├── _navigation.scss     # nav links (breadcrumb, priority+, toc, pagination, etc.)
|     ├── _notices.scss        # notices
|     ├── _page.scss           # pages
|     ├── _print.scss          # print styles
|     ├── _reset.scss          # reset
|     ├── _sidebar.scss        # sidebar
|     ├── _syntax.scss         # syntax highlighting
|     ├── _tables.scss         # tables
|     ├── _utilities.scss      # utility classes (text/image alignment)
|     └── _variables.scss      # theme defaults (fonts, colors, etc.)
├── assets
|  ├── css
|  |  └── main.scss            # main stylesheet, loads SCSS partials in _sass

Customizing

To override the default Sass (located in theme’s _sass directory), do one of the following:

  1. Copy directly from the Minimal Mistakes theme gem

    • Go to your local Basically Basic gem installation directory (run bundle show minimal-mistakes-jekyll to get the path to it).
    • Copy the contents of /assets/css/main.scss from there to <your_project>.
    • Customize what you want inside <your_project>/assets/css/main.scss.
  2. Copy from this repo.

    • Copy the contents of assets/css/main.scss to <your_project>.
    • Customize want you want inside <your_project/assets/css/main.scss.

Note: To make more extensive changes and customize the Sass partials bundled in the gem. You will need to copy the complete contents of the _sass directory to <your_project> due to the way Jekyll currently reads those files.

To make basic tweaks to theme’s style Sass variables can be overridden by adding to <your_project>/assets/css/main.scss. For instance, to change the link color used throughout the theme add:

$link-color: red;

Before any @import lines.

Paragraph Indention

To mimic the look of type set in a printed book or manuscript you may want to enable paragraph indention. When $paragraph-indent is set to true indents are added to each sibling and the margin below each paragraph is removed.

indented paragraph example
Example of indented paragraphs.

The size of the indent can also be customized by changing the value of $indent-var.

Font Stacks

By default the theme uses system fonts for all of the font stacks (serif, sans-serif, and monospace). This is done in part to provide a clean base for you to build off of and to improve performance since we aren’t loading any custom webfonts1 by default.

/* system typefaces */
$serif      : Georgia, Times, serif;
$sans-serif : -apple-system, ".SFNSText-Regular", "San Francisco", "Roboto", "Segoe UI", "Helvetica Neue", "Lucida Grande", Arial, sans-serif;
$monospace  : Monaco, Consolas, "Lucida Console", monospace;

Sans-serif fonts have been used for most of the type, with serifs reserved for captions. If you wish to change this you’ll need to poke around the various SCSS partials and modify font-family declarations.

ProTip: To use webfonts from services like Adobe TypeKit or Google Fonts simply update the font stacks and then add their scripts to _includes/head/custom.html.

Typography from Older Versions

Not a fan of the refreshed typography of the theme and want to revert back an older version? Easy enough.

1. Add this Google Fonts script to _includes/head/custom.html:

<link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=PT+Sans+Narrow:400,700|PT+Serif:400,700,400italic" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">

2. Update the following SCSS variables:

$serif              : "PT Serif", Georgia, Times, serif;
$sans-serif-narrow  : "PT Sans Narrow", -apple-system, ".SFNSText-Regular", "San Francisco", "Roboto", "Segoe UI", "Helvetica Neue", "Lucida Grande", Arial, sans-serif;

$global-font-family : $serif;
$header-font-family : $sans-serif-narrow;

Type Scale

Wherever possible type scale variables have been used instead of writing out fixed sizes. This makes updating much easier by changing values in one file.

Example:

.page__lead {
  font-family: $global-font-family;
  font-size: $type-size-4;
}

Type sizes are set in ems to proportional scale as the screen size changes. Large headlines that look great on desktop monitors will shrink ever so slightly as to not be too big on mobile devices. To adjust this hierarchy simply edit the default values:

/* type scale */
$type-size-1 : 2.441em;  // ~39.056px
$type-size-2 : 1.953em;  // ~31.248px
$type-size-3 : 1.563em;  // ~25.008px
$type-size-4 : 1.25em;   // ~20px
$type-size-5 : 1em;      // ~16px
$type-size-6 : 0.75em;   // ~12px
$type-size-7 : 0.6875em; // ~11px
$type-size-8 : 0.625em;  // ~10px

Colors

Change the mood of your site by altering a few color variables. $body-color, $background-color, $text-color, $link-color, and $masthead-link-color will have the most affect when changed.

Breakpoints and Grid Stuff

Probably won’t need to touch these, but they’re there if you need to. Width variables are used with the @include breakpoint() mixin to adapt the design of certain elements.

And $susy is used for setting the grid the theme uses. Uncommenting the lines under debug can be useful if you want to show the columns when adjusting the layout.

Susy grid overlay for debugging
Susy grid debug overlay enabled.
  1. Apart from Font Awesome icon webfonts. 

Updated: